Journalists’ Self-Perception of Their Profession in Spain: Analysis of Social and Technological Challenges

Authors

  • José Sixto-García Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
  • Jorge Vázquez-Herrero Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
  • Xosé López-García Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2022.52p111-128

Keywords:

journalism, profession, role, Spain, survey

Abstract

The influence of social and technological factors —from the shadow of disinformation to automation and emerging forms of journalism— redefines the role of journalism and its practices. Journalistic metamorphosis has not been traumatic, but it has been complex, leading to tensions, reflections and controversies. The challenges facing journalism during the global pandemic caused by COVID-19 are assessed with a focus on Spain. The research consists of a survey of 197 Spanish journalists and nine interviews with prestigious academics and internationally recognized professionals. Changes within journalism are addressed in five major themes: the role of journalism today; the relationship between journalism and politics; the incidence of bots and artificial intelligence; mobile journalism and social media; and emerging forms of journalism. The results show that the role of journalism remains unchanged, but the pandemic has strengthened some of its functions. The influence of politics in journalism is very prominent, as well as the concern about automation and misinformation. To face the future, high specialization is needed due to the fast technological evolution and the emergence of new techniques.

* This work was supported by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Government of Spain) and the ERDF structural fund within the research project “Digital native media in Spain: Storytelling formats and mobile strategy” (RTI2018-093346-B-C33).

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Published

2022-11-18

How to Cite

Sixto-García, J., Vázquez-Herrero, J., & López-García, X. (2022). Journalists’ Self-Perception of Their Profession in Spain: Analysis of Social and Technological Challenges. Tripodos, (52), 111–128. https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2022.52p111-128

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