The Role of Communication Media in Socio-Environmental Conflicts

Insights from the case of the Basque Country

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2024.55.02

Keywords:

media, democratic quality, public opinion, environmental policy, environmental communication, Basque Country, socio-environmental conflicts

Abstract

In recent decades, certain environment-related issues have come into the public eye. This article aims to analyse socio-environmental conflicts from both a democratic and a communication policy perspective. Given that these socio-environmental conflicts are the response to public policies, this article seeks to study the role played by the media in shaping them. The study focuses on the Basque Country, where many socio-environmental conflicts arise due to the implementation of public environmental policies. The methodology includes quantitative analysis using the data obtained from conducting a press analysis, and a qualitative approach using information obtained from in-depth interviews and the analysis of documentation. The results suggest a communicational and democratic deficit in the socio-environmental conflicts analysed, since the media do not help to build public opinion in a dialogical and dialectical way. To address this, we need a more diverse field of communication beneficial for environmental issues, so that we can work on information, considering the perspectives of all actors and the main topics of discussion. Environmental issues should go beyond traditional representative policies, inviting a broader range of actors in debates.

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Author Biographies

Izaro Gorostidi, Universidad del País Vasco

Izaro Gorostidi is a lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at the University of the Basque Country. Her long teaching expertise includes subjects like Political Behaviour and Political Communication. Her research topics focus on collective action, social and political participation, community development, political communication, and feminist research, and she develops them within the Consolidated Research.

Andere Ormazabal Gaston, University of the Basque Country

Andere Ormazabal is a lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at the University of the Basque Country. Her long teaching expertise includes subjects like Organisation, Management and Public Decision-making and Participation and Community Development. Her research topics focus on governance, social or political participation, and feminist studies, which she develops within the Consolidated Research Group Parte Hartuz.

Guillermo Gurrutxaga Rekondo, University of the Basque Country

As a journalist, he has worked and collaborated in a wide spectrum of media outlets. In 2014 he defended his doctoral thesis, Citizen journalism in socially marginalized communities. The case of the Agência da Boa Notícia Guajuviras (Brazil). In 2004 he taught his first Journalism classes at the Casa Grande University of Ecuador and since 2015 he belongs to the Journalism department of the UPV/EHU. He has participated in different groups and research projects. His lines of research focus on the participation and democratization of information, slow journalism and the effects of media discourse.

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Published

2024-04-29

How to Cite

Gorostidi, I., Ormazabal Gaston, A., & Gurrutxaga Rekondo, G. (2024). The Role of Communication Media in Socio-Environmental Conflicts: Insights from the case of the Basque Country. Tripodos, (55), 143–160. https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2024.55.02

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